14:00-15:30 HRS (IST) | VIRTUAL MODE
Currently, over 95% of hydrogen is produced from hydrocarbons; and about 4% is produced through electrolysis of water ,Hydrogen is also produced as a by- product in chloralkali industries. There are several other methods to produce hydrogen that are at different stages of research and demonstration. These methods include hydrogen production through:
Globally there is increasing trend toward climate mitigation and increasing concern with associated issues of air pollution. In this context hydrogen offers compelling benefits. It supports a gradual transition towards lower-carbon sources of energy as it can be generated from natural gas. And the other is by non- renewable by-products. Demand for hydrogen production technologies is rising given its potential to accelerate the transition to more sustainable forms of energy.
This session will discuss various elements of hydrogen production technologies, cost aspects including hydrogen value chain from source to service.
16:00-17:30 HRS (IST) | VIRTUAL MODE
Hydrogen and fuel cells could make the most important contribution in the transportation sector, where the introduction of alternative energy sources such as renewables has been most elusive. While hydrogen produced from renewable energy sources is the only sustainable solution for the long term, the use of hydrogen based upon natural gas may constitute a convenient transition solution.
Hydrogen can be used for power generation and also for transport applications. It is possible to use hydrogen in internal combustion (IC) engines, directly or mixed with diesel and compressed natural gas (CNG) or hydrogen can also be used directly as a fuel in fuel cells to produce electricity.
India needs accelerated research, technology innovations and cost reductions, mainly in fuel cell technology for further development. India has already created Hydrogen Mission. Research efforts over the past several years have resulted in the development of phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) systems and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems. Technical difficulties still present hurdles to the everyday use of hydrogen. These are being confronted and dealt with by researchers and developers around the world.
The esteemed panelists of the session will discuss and take forward the session theme.
17:30-18:30 HRS (IST) | VIRTUAL MODE
Hydrogen storage is a key enabling technology. None of the current technologies satisfy all the hydrogen storage attributes sought by manufacturers and end users.
On this front, Government-Industry coordination on research and development is needed to lower costs, improve performance, and develop advanced materials. Once produced, hydrogen can be in the form of a compressed gas, cryogenic liquid or chemical, each requiring specific methods of storage essential to successful distribution. The unusual physical characteristics of hydrogen present particular problems with regard to its storage. A number of the methods have already been outlined. Some amplification is necessary e.g. pressurized hydrogen gas storage involves two major methods of containment.
Salt caverns are used for storage of natural gas in many parts of the world. Cryogenic liquid hydrogen storage may not be practical, at present, due to high energy consumption required for the liquefaction process. Exploring higher-risk storage technologies involving advanced materials such as lightweight metal hydrides and carbon nanotubes, etc. is imperative.
The eminent panelists of this session will share insights into the latest developments for hydrogen storage and challenges.