Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory (NCT) is a city and union territory of India. Delhi has close proximity to a number of states namely Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan, each of them adding to the cosmopolitan atmosphere of the city. The metropolitan is strategically located in a triangle between the river Yamuna in the east and the Aravali hills in the west and south.
The seven times rebuilt capital city of Delhi boasts of a rich and diverse culture. The food, language and architecture of the city exude an eclectic blend of history and modernity. From temples and ancient monuments to swanky arcades and nightclubs, there is something for everyone here.
India's capital has witnessed many rulers over the centuries gone by, like the Lodis, Mughals and the British, all of whom left their imprint in the form of art and architecture throughout the city. Bustling bazaars and historic landmarks sitting amidst luxurious boulevards and charming neighbourhoods make Delhi a delightful experience.
Delhi, the capital of India has a strong historical background and a heritage as old as time. Over centuries, the town that was once known as Indraprastha gave way to eight more cities that came alive alongside namely, Lal Kot, Siri, Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and Shahjahanabad.
Delhi has witnessed numerous political upheavals over the centuries. In 1192, Afghan warrior Muhammad of Ghori captured the once strong bastion of the Rajputs and soon after, the Delhi Sultanate was established in 1206. The invasion of Delhi by Timur in 1398 put an end to the sultanate. Later, the Lodis, last of the Delhi sultans lost to Babur in the first battle of Panipat in 1526, who founded the Mughal Empire. Though the early Mughal emperors chose Agra in Uttar Pradesh as their capital, Delhi became their permanent capital after Shah Jahan built the walled city of Shahjahanabad in 1638.
From Hindu Kings to Muslim Sultans, the reins of Delhi kept shifting from one ruler to another. In the year 1803, the city came under the British rule. In 1911, as the British shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi, it once again became the seat of governance. India gained independence from the British colonial rule on 15th August, 1947 with Delhi officially declared as the Capital of India.
Delhi has an extreme climate. It is very hot in summer (April-July) and cold in winter (December-January). The average temperature varies from 25-45°C (77-113 °F) during summer and 22-3°C (71.6-37.4°F) during winter.
Weather in September
The last month of the rainy season, September in Delhi is a hot month with average temperature ranging between 26°C (78.8 ° F) and 35°C (95°F). The average relative humidity is around 57%. On an average, Delhi witnesses 10.2 rainfall days in September, and accumulates 49mm (1.93") of precipitation. Through the year, Delhi experiences average rainfall of 74.2 days and collects up to 305mm (12.01") of precipitation.
In September, the average length of the day is 12.3h with an average sunshine of 9.1h. Sunrise is at 06:06 and sunset is at 18:26.
How to reach
Domestic and international flights connect Delhi to all the major cities across the world and within India. The Indira Gandhi International Airport at New Delhi is rated as one of the best in the world and provides for an exceptional airport experience with its remarkable services and facilities.
Almost all major airlines have their flights operating from Indira Gandhi International Airport, and the domestic airport connects Delhi to all the major cities within the country.
The ICS 2021 venue at Hotel Taj Palace, New Delhi is just a 13 min drive (8 km) via NH 48 from the airport.
The railway network connects Delhi to major and minor destinations in India via four important railway stations of Delhi, namely New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station, Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station and Anand Vihar Terminal Railway Station.
Delhi is well connected to all major cities across the country by a network of roads and national highways. The three major bus stands in Delhi are Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale Khan Bus Terminus and Anand Vihar Bus Terminus.
Delhi is a confluence of ideas and lifestyles from all across the country. Though the city has a strong Punjabi influence on cuisine, language and attire, the social and cultural festivals of a number of other states are also celebrated with equal vigour and enthusiasm here. Recognised as the second largest urban centre in the world, Delhi is significant as the commercial, cultural and political centre of India.
Things to do
While in Delhi, get a peak into ancient Indian architecture at Red Fort and Humayun’s Tomb. Capture the charm of Qutub Minar. Visit Nizamuddin Dargah and the Bahai temple for spiritual awakening. Take a leisurely stroll around India Gate and soak in the splendour of the war memorial. Drive past Rashtrapati Bhavan and Parliament House for a peek into the power centre of Indian politics, minutes away from the ICS 2021 venue. Admire the beauty of Jama Masjid after a shopping spree in the by lanes of Chandni Chowk. Explore the city, historic and modern at the same time at your own pace.
Self reliance in energy through Green Hydrogen
“As demand for energy rises worldwide, there is a growing need for tapping alternate energy sources that are not only greener, but also renewable and abundant in supply. Hydrogen is one such source that has a much
higher energy output per unit mass.
India’s advantage due to its geographical location, climate conditions and abundance of renewable sources of energy like solar, wind and hydro make it ideal for becoming the world’s cheapest hydrogen hub by 2050.”